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Llewellyn Campion Wood


Lieutenant Llewellyn Campion Wood - Service Ref 201143 Royal Fusiliers City of London 1st Batalion. Died 29th November 1943 aged 29. Grave Ref X1.E.25 Sangro River, Italy. Next of kin Percy Wood, Lawrence Weston.

L.C.Wood had previously gone overseas with the N.S.Y. early in 1940, was captured but escaped in the Syrian campaign.

Above the Sangro River War Cemetry

Two months after invading Italy the Canadian and British forces of General Bernard Montgomery's Eighth Army were south of the Sangro River, the edge of the Germans' heavily defended Bernhard Line.

Montgomery planned a two pronged advance which would bring his troops up the coast to Pescara, then swing west to cut across the Italian peninsula and reach Rome.

One of the objectives just south of Pescara was Ortona, a coastal town which had both a port and a railway marshalling yard. Capture of the port would facilitate landing supplies for Montgomery's troops as they moved forward. This point also occurred to the Germans, who quickly brought in engineers to ruin the harbour facility, denying the use of the port to the Allies.

The first stage of Montgomery's offensive was to cross the Sangro River, some four hundred metres wide. The attack went in on November 28, and was a success. Formations of British, New Zealand, and Indian troops were able to get bridges across the river and seize the opposite banks after tough fighting. Over the next few days they drove the Germans back about eight miles to the Moro River - about five miles south of Ortona. There the fighting petered out, the front line formations of both sides worn down.

In leaflets distributed to his Eighth Army troops before and after the Sangro River crossing Montgomery exulted over hitting the enemy "a colossal crack".

They had indeed cracked the perimeter of the Bernhard Line. But as the Canadians were about to discover, the Germans were far from finished.

Above map from Field Marshall Montgomery's book "El Alamein to the River Sangro" showing the Battle of the Sangro River.

During the first days of December, 1st Canadian Infantry Division moved up from the Campobasso area, crossed the Sangro River and went forward to replace the British troops facing the enemy along the Moro River.

Above Sangro River, November 1943

Above the grave of L.C.Wood. Image courtesy of Frank Deplanta

Bristol Evening Post Wednesday 29th December 1943

Lieutenant L.C.Wood (29), third son of Mr & Mrs Thomas Wood of Greenhill, Henbury, has been killed in action in Italy. Ltnt Wood, who was in the North Somerset Yeomanry at the outbreak of war, went overseas early in 1940. He was commissioned in 1941 and fought in the Syrian campaign, where he was captured but escaped. For his work in Syria he was mentioned in despatches. Ltnt. Wood was a keen scouter, played rugby for Clifton and was a junior partner in Glover's Advertising, Bristol.

Above Wood's photo from the Evening Post